redis analyst (5)- redis configure/os configure

1 OS Configure:

正常启动后会有一些warning需要解决,这需要去修改操作系统的参数:

13538:M 16 Sep 23:37:48.481 * Increased maximum number of open files to 10032 (it was originally set to 1024).
13538:M 16 Sep 23:37:48.485 # Not listening to IPv6: unsupproted
13538:M 16 Sep 23:37:48.486 * Node configuration loaded, I'm 41a1d429a927a35e70c80a8945549ac0bf390c6d
13538:M 16 Sep 23:37:48.489 # Not listening to IPv6: unsupproted
13538:M 16 Sep 23:37:48.490 # Server started, Redis version 3.2.8
13538:M 16 Sep 23:37:48.490 # <span style="color: #ff0000;">WARNING</span> overcommit_memory is set to 0! Background save may fail under low memory condition. To fix this issue add 'vm.overcommit_memory = 1' to /etc/sysctl.conf and then reboot or run the command 'sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1' for this to take effect.
13538:M 16 Sep 23:37:48.490 # <span style="color: #ff0000;">WARNING</span> you have Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support enabled in your kernel. This will create latency and memory usage issues with Redis. To fix this issue run the command 'echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled' as root, and add it to your /etc/rc.local in order to retain the setting after a reboot. Redis must be restarted after THP is disabled.

主要有以下一些参数需要修改:

echo "ulimit -n 65535"
ulimit -n 65535
ulimit -n

echo "change vm.overcommit"
sed -i "/vm.overcommit_memory/d" /etc/sysctl.conf
echo "vm.overcommit_memory = 1" >> /etc/sysctl.conf
sysctl vm.overcommit_memory=1
	  
echo "Disable Transparent Huge Pages (THP) support "
echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled
sed -i "/transparent_hugepage/d" /etc/rc.local
echo "echo never > /sys/kernel/mm/transparent_hugepage/enabled" >> /etc/rc.local

2 Redis Configure:

https://github.com/antirez/redis/blob/3.2/redis.conf

redis3.2大约50+配置,如果不设置,也会有默认值,例如对于slave-priority:


#define CONFIG_DEFAULT_SLAVE_PRIORITY 100 	

server.slave_priority = CONFIG_DEFAULT_SLAVE_PRIORITY;


 else if (!strcasecmp(argv[0],"slave-priority") && argc == 2) {
            server.slave_priority = atoi(argv[1]);

所以可以只设置需要设置的,其他不显示设置,这样配置会少很多。

原始默认配置:

bind 127.0.0.1
protected-mode yes
port 6379
tcp-backlog 511
timeout 0
tcp-keepalive 300
daemonize no
supervised no
pidfile /var/run/redis_6379.pid
loglevel notice
logfile ""
databases 16
save 900 1
save 300 10
save 60 10000
stop-writes-on-bgsave-error yes
rdbcompression yes
rdbchecksum yes
dbfilename dump.rdb
dir ./
slave-serve-stale-data yes
slave-read-only yes
repl-diskless-sync no
repl-diskless-sync-delay 5
repl-disable-tcp-nodelay no
slave-priority 100
appendonly no
appendfilename "appendonly.aof"
appendfsync everysec
no-appendfsync-on-rewrite no
auto-aof-rewrite-percentage 100
auto-aof-rewrite-min-size 64mb
aof-load-truncated yes
lua-time-limit 5000
slowlog-log-slower-than 10000
slowlog-max-len 128
latency-monitor-threshold 0
notify-keyspace-events ""
hash-max-ziplist-entries 512
hash-max-ziplist-value 64
list-max-ziplist-size -2
list-compress-depth 0
set-max-intset-entries 512
zset-max-ziplist-entries 128
zset-max-ziplist-value 64
hll-sparse-max-bytes 3000
activerehashing yes
client-output-buffer-limit normal 0 0 0
client-output-buffer-limit slave 256mb 64mb 60
client-output-buffer-limit pubsub 32mb 8mb 60
hz 10
aof-rewrite-incremental-fsync yes

2.1 关闭rdb:
shutdown后:
[root@redis005 redis]# ll
total 8
drwxr-xr-x 2 wbx-redis wbx-group 4096 Sep 12 12:13 bin
-rw-r—– 1 root root 76 Sep 12 12:24 dump.rdb
[root@redis005 redis]# more dump.rdb
REDIS0007 redis-ver3.2.8
redis-bitseúѷused-memx4

重新启动后:
[root@redis005 redis]# ll
total 34056
drwxr-xr-x 2 wbx-redis wbx-group 4096 Sep 12 12:13 bin
-rw——- 1 root root 34866203 Sep 13 14:52 dump.rdb

5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:29.035 * Full resync from master: e7d510571e12e91919a06113f5ebe75bb41e62c5:1
5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:32.091 * MASTER SLAVE sync: receiving 34866203 bytes from master
5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:33.853 * MASTER SLAVE sync: Flushing old data
5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:33.853 * MASTER SLAVE sync: Loading DB in memory
5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:35.298 * MASTER SLAVE sync: Finished with success
5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:35.801 - DB 0: 338506 keys (0 volatile) in 524288 slots HT.
5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:35.801 - 1 clients connected (0 slaves), 96852208 bytes in use
5148:S 13 Sep 14:52:39.615 - Accepted 127.0.0.1:20931

3 open ports:

假设redis.conf中配置:
port 7001

则另外的bus port为 10000+7001

The Cluster bus
Every Redis Cluster node has an additional TCP port for receiving incoming connections from other Redis Cluster nodes. This port is at a fixed offset from the normal TCP port used to receive incoming connections from clients. To obtain the Redis Cluster port, 10000 should be added to the normal commands port. For example, if a Redis node is listening for client connections on port 6379, the Cluster bus port 16379 will also be opened.

那么netstat结果:

[root@redis001 ~]# netstat -nap|grep redis
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:17001               0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:7001                0.0.0.0:*                   LISTEN      29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:35973          10.224.2.145:17001          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:17001          10.224.2.144:48823          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:17001          10.224.2.145:28201          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:48422          10.224.2.144:7001           ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:37238          10.224.2.143:17001          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:17001          10.224.2.146:40126          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:20402          10.224.2.146:17001          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:47831          10.224.2.142:17001          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:17001          10.224.2.143:35657          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:26000          10.224.2.144:17001          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server  
tcp        0      0 10.224.2.141:17001          10.224.2.142:59406          ESTABLISHED 29780/redis-server

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傅, 健

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